RESEARCH METHODS IN CRIMINAL JUSTICE
SPRING 2000
WEB LINKS FOR DRUNK DRIVING AND GUNS
Todd Anderson and Ralph B. Taylor
Department of Criminal Justice
Temple University

PURPOSE This site lists a number of links you can use to start web searching on topics related to either drunk driving or handguns. Some sites may help you get to information about both. Notice the bookmarks at left that take you to different sections of the document.

BOOKMARKS
Keywords

Alcohol/Transportation Related Sites

·Gun/Firearm Related Sites

·Alcohol/Gun Related Sites

·Unreviewed Sites That May Be Of Interest

 

CAUTIONS
1. At this point, we believe that all the links are working. If you find a link that we say IS working but you say it is NOT working, email Patrick McConnell. Let him know the exact link you tried
2. We make no claims to the veracity or completeness of any information you find here.

A HINT OR TWO
1. If the link does not work type in the address directly into the Netscape search box, and tell it to go there.
2. If the address you type in does not work, try deleting the last part of the address -- after the last slash -- and telling it to search again.
3. You can use the keywords listed below to help you search the list. In NETSCAPE go do EDIT and then go to FIND IN PAGE, then key in the word. It will show you, one by one, the sites that have the keyword you type in.


Keywords:

Accidents

Advocacy Group

Alcohol

Crash Data

Data

Drunk Driving

DUI

DWI

Fatalities

Guns

Highway Safety

Impaired Driving

Injury Prevention

Justice

Laws

Links

Mortality

Public Attitude

Resources

Traffic Safety

Transportation

Underage Drinking

Violence


ALCOHOL / TRANSPORTATION RELATED SITES


SITE: http://www.highwaysafety.org/facts/fatal.htm

KEYWORDS: DWI, Fatalities, Laws, Alcohol, Data

OVERVIEW:This link (Insurance Institute for Highway Safety) essentially summarizes both federal and state laws concerning automobiles (including DWI) and provides information on deaths in motor vehicle crashes based on data from the U.S. Department of Transportation's Fatality Analysis Reporting System.

This site largely focuses on Motor Vehicle Deaths broken down by state, age of driver, road side hazards, type of vehicle, other injured victims (pedestrians), and fatalities caused by alcohol. Say, for example, you want to read about 1997 alcohol fatality facts:

1.Scroll down the homepage until you reach "Fatality Facts"

2.Click on "browser Readable" under the Alcohol Category

3.You will be presented with a list of facts (i.e. some states are now defining blood alcohol levels (BACs) of .08 percent as legally drunk), charts (i.e. Percent of fatally injured passenger vehicle drivers with BACs ³ 0.10 percent, by Driver Age) and figures (i.e. Percent of fatally injured people with BACs³0.10 percent).

4.You have the option of saving the file as an Adobe Acrobat file (If you don't have Adobe Acrobat, you can down load it from this site on its home page). Adobe Acrobat allows you to print the document.

If you are having trouble accessing this page, you can reach it through the link's main homepage http://www.highwaysafety.org.

 
PURPOSES:

1.Good summary of issues related to vehicular accidents

2.Allows for a quick review of some relevant data related to drinking and driving

3.You can search for DWI laws by using the sites search feature located in the top right corner of the homepage of this link


SITE: http://www.highwaysafety.org

KEYWORDS: DWI, Fatalities, Laws, Alcohol, Data

OVERVIEW:This site (Insurance Institute for Highway Safety) is the homepage of the link described in detail above. From this link you can access facts on vehicular accidents (i.e. Motor vehicle deaths are 15 percent higher on roads in 24 states that raised speed limits), car safety (i.e. crash test results organized by car types), traffic laws (including DWI laws).

1.Click on the "search button" located near the top of the page

2.Click on the query box (cursor should appear), and enter "fatality".

3.Click on "Execute Query"

4.You will then be given a list of query results. Select "IIHS: Fatality Facts"

 
PURPOSES:

1.Good summary of issues related to vehicular accidents

2.Allows for a quick review of some relevant data related to drinking and driving

3.You can search for DWI laws by using the sites search feature located in the top right corner of the homepage of this link


SITE: http://www.cdc.gov/ncipc/injweb/websites.htm

KEYWORDS: Links Page, DUI, Fatalities, Alcohol, Justice

OVERVIEW:This link (National Center for Injury Prevention and Control) is part of the Center for Disease Control Prevention. The site provides an extensive database of links to injury related web sites. The site itself contains no injury data, however some of its links (i.e. Bureau of Justice [http://www.oip.usdoj.gov/bjs], Center for the Advanced Study of Public Safety and Injury Prevention [Electronic Highway Safety Library www.albany.edu/sph/injr_012.html] do.

This site lists links to various sites (alphabetically). You can search through the list by either scrolling down the web page, or by directly selecting a category (A-Z) by clicking on the appropriate letter at the top of the list.

Unfortunately, this site doesn't give you an explanation of selectable link, so you can check out the sites listed above or any others that appear to be of interest. To select a link, simply click on its name.

PURPOSE:

1. An excellent list of sites that deal with injury (which include motor vehicle injuries and injuries due to violence)


SITE:http://www.saferoads.org/polls/5-96.html

KEYWORDS: Underage Drinking, Impaired Driving

OVERVIEW:This site (A survey of the Attitudes of the American People on Highway Safety) is a summary article discussing "a public opinion poll conducted by Louis Harris for Advocates for Highway & Auto safety" conducted in 1996.

This site reports how Americans feel about a wide range of topics concerning policies and legislation for highway safety. It does contain some information detailing attitudes on underage drinking and impaired driving. You can access the Advocates for Highway and Auto Safety home page (http://www.saferoads.org/index.html) at the top of this link. The homepage contains various press releases of articles addressing auto safety

 
PURPOSE:

1. Gives the reader an idea of where the general American public stands on Auto / Highway related issues.


SITE: http://www.aaafts.org

KEYWORDS: Alcohol, highway safety, DUI

OVERVIEW:This page (AAA Foundation for Traffic Safety[AAAFTS]) is a database of informational research papers and educational materials available through the AAAFTS.

1.For example, you can view all research papers available on Alcohol and Highway Safety.

2.Scroll to the bottom of the homepage and click in the search box.

3.Enter the keyword "alcohol"

4.Submit query

5.>From the search results listed, select rsrchcat.bak

6.You can then view a list of articles available under the category of Alcohol and Highway Safety.

PURPOSES:

1.Excellent collection of materials pertaining to a wide variety of vehicular issues.

2.You can initiate queries for materials on any variety of topics.

3.Is a good source for identifying who is doing research pertinent to your topic area


SITE: http://www.aaafts.org/Text/NCTS.htm

KEYWORDS: Crash Data, Traffic Safety

OVERVIEW:This is part of the AAA Foundation for Traffic Safety web site. It contains a links to such topic areas as National Traffic Safety Organizations, Crash Data,

and Traffic Safety Sites (among others).

 

1.This site gives you the ability to investigate a variety of sites dealing with traffic safety. The site offers a similar linking service to that of the Insurance Institute for Highway Safety. However, site information is grouped under general topic headings.

PURPOSE:

1.A good place to begin investigating organizations that post sites concerning vehicle safety and other traffic issues.

2.Find links to several query systems that may produce information of interest.


SITE: http://www.nas.edu/trb/index.html

KEYWORD: Resources, Transportation

OVERVIEW: This is the main web site for the Transportation Research Board. It gives you access to information on books and periodicals published by the National Academy of Sciences, National Academy of Engineering, Institute of Medicine and the National Research Council (some of these publications are available on-line). The sites main search engine has been retired. However, it does provide four other search engines that may prove to be useful.


SITE: http://www.dla.ucop.edu

KEYWORD: Drunk Driving, Mortality, DUI, Alcohol

OVERVIEW: This link is part of the University of California Library System. It's a periodical search engine called Melvyl. You cannot find on-line articles through this system. However, you can run keyword searches on the Melvyl system. Actual materials found in a query can be ordered via interlibrary loan at Paley Library.

 
1.To search the Melvyl system, Click on Melvyl® System via WWW (at the top of the Home Page) .

2.You are then presented with a two step process to search for information.

3.First, select "Melvyl Catalog" under "Choose a database".

4.Second, you can set the parameters of your search. You have the option of searching for information by Title, Author, Subject, or Power (lets you search using all search options).

5.To search by subject, click on the subject button and enter your subject keyword (i.e. Drunk Driving).

6.If your search produces too many hits, you can narrow your topic field by clicking on the "Modify Search" button or the "Find Fewer" button.

7.If you are satisfied with your search, click on the "Display" and you will see your search results.

PURPOSES:

1.An alternative search engine.

2.Provides access to the University of California Library Database.


SITE: http://www.bts.gov/contents.html

KEYWORD: Transportation, Fatality, Data

OVERVIEW: This is the Bureau of Transportation Statistics' (the operating administration of the U.S. Department of Transportation) main home page. One key feature is the Fatality Analysis Reporting System (FARS). This database "contains data on all crashes in the United States that occur on a public roadway and where a fatality is involved in the crash. The site also maintains an on-line library of the Journal of Transportation and Statistics and provides links to several other databases (i.e. Highway Statistics)

FARS http://www.bts.gov/ntda/farsdb

1.To search the databases mentioned above, click on the Searchable Databases icon near the bottom of the homepage. This will move you to the site's Data Archive.

2.If you are interested in searching the FARS system, click on the Fatality Analysis Reporting System Database's icon in the presented list.

3.Next, click on the Searchable Database button (for more information on the site, its purpose, and its limitations click on the Detailed Description and Methods & Limitations buttons).

4.You now find yourself on the FARS-WEB page. Look for the "Query Wizard" (located on the right hand side of the page) and click on it.

5.Scroll to the bottom of the page and you will find a collection of fatality reports (Driver Fatalities by Person Sex and BAC, Driver Fatalities in Collision with Trains by Alcohol Test Results, and Pedestrian Fatalities by State and BAC). Upon clicking on one of these categories, you can look at information by state and year. The BAC's are listed in columns of 0.00 percent, 0.01 to 0.09 percent, 0.10 percent and higher, and all percentages.

Highway Statistics http://www.bts.gov/ntda/fhwa)

1.Get to the sites homepage (similar to above) you can search for more information on the site and learn about methods used. To search for data click on the Searchable Data base button on the right side of the page.

2.Instructions on how to search the site are available at the bottom of the page. To begin a search click on "Begin STAT Now".

3.We're going to search for DUI data. This data is found by scrolling through the Table Name list until you reach "Persons Killed by State and Highest Blood Alcohol Concentration in the Crash" category. Click once on this category.

4.Now select the year (either 1995 or 1994) you're interested in viewing next to the Table Name window. Remember click on the year once.

5.Now click on the Add Table Selection button.

6.Now click on the Select Columns button. You now are given the option of selecting what BAC or Percent BAC (i.e. BAC = 10) and what state you wish to view (i.e. Alaska). Once you've selected these areas click on the Design Table button. On the next page, you can enter a title for your table, make it into a graph (by clicking on the graph box), etc.

7.Click on Make Table Now and you will see your results.

 

PURPOSE:

1.Excellent source of data on alcohol and transportation.

2.Highway Statistics Database will allow you to construct information rich tables.


SITE: http://www-fars.nhtsa.dot.gov/fars/fars.cfm

This is a secondary way of logging onto the FARS search site described above. If you are interested in more information concerning the FARS system, check out the following site run by the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration
(http://www.nhtsa.dot.gov/people/ncsa/TSF96FARSOp.html) .


GUN / FIREARM RELATED SITES


SITE: http://www.dla.ucop.edu
KEYWORD: Violence, Guns, Data, Resources
OVERVIEW: This link is the Center for the Study and Prevention of Violence run by the University of Colorado. On this site you can read about current studies being run by the center (Violence in American Schools, Denver Neighborhood Study, CDC-Weapons) and search their data rich "Information House". Within the Information House you can click on "Databases" and receive information on four databases (VIOLIT: A database of bibliographic information and CSPV abstracts of violence literature; VIOSOURCE: A database stores information about violence-related curricula, videos, and other resource materials; VIOPRO: A database of violence prevention, intervention, and treatment programs; VIOEVAL: A database of data collection tools available on violence related topics for program evaluation purposes). By following directions at the bottom of the page, you can receive information on your desired topic area (free of charge) within two weeks of a query.
1.For On-line data, click on the "Fact Sheet & Positions" button at the bottom of the Information House Page.
2.Here you can view Fact Sheets (i.e. Preventing Firearm Violence and Youth Handgun Violence) or Position Summaries (i.e. Gun Control Prevention Efforts).
3.For example, if you click on the "Preventing Firearm Violence" icon you can read such facts as: "In 1992, 5,262 of five - to nineteen-year-olds in the United States dies of gunshot wounds. Of these, 62 percent were the violent acts were homicides, 27 percent of the violent acts were suicides, 9 percent of the violent acts were unintentional injuries, and 2% of the violent acts were unintentional injuries".
PURPOSES:
1. This site provides you with a data search engine.
2. You can also view position summary and fact pages.
3. The summary and fact pages have reference pages.


SITE: http://www.Colorado.EDU/cspv/connections/mainconnections.html
KEYWORD: Violence, Guns, Data, Resources
OVERVIEW: This address is a second way of accessing the Center for the Study and Prevention of Violence described above.


SITE: http://www.gunfree.org
KEYWORD: Advocacy Group, Guns, Violence, Laws, Data
OVERVIEW: This link is run by The Coalition to Stop Gun Violence, a group which actively lobbies the U.S. Congress and state legislatures to curb gun violence. The site contains three useful tools, an index of facts (ranging from facts about the extent of gun violence, unintentional shootings, junk guns, handguns, assault weapons, dealers, economic costs guns in schools, youth and guns, and firearm injuries), national and state firearm laws (each specific state laws are documented), and a page of studies and reports (reports contain such facts as: ">From 1980-1992, the suicide rate for 10-14 year olds increased 120%. Firearms are now the most frequent method for suicide for both males and females within this age group"). One drawback to this information-rich site is its lack of a search engine. Although the index of facts are well divided, you need to read through each section (while only having access to data they use in their fact passages).
1. The site itself is relatively easy to navigate. To select one of the indexes described above, simply click on the appropriate icon button on the homepage of the site.
2. Other pages operate in a similar fashion.
PURPOSES:
1. This site provides you with gun laws.
2. You are also provided with data and statistical rich fact sheets.


SITE: http://www.cdc.gov/ncipc/ncipchm.htm
KEYWORD: Advocacy Group, Mortality, Guns, Violence, Data
OVERVIEW: This link is run by the National Center for Injury Prevention and Control (NCIPC) which was established by the Center for Disease Control in 1992. The mission of the NCIPC is to reduce morbidity, disability, mortality and costs associated with injuries outside the workplace. This is a data rich site.
1.To look at mortality data associated with guns, go to the site's home page and click on the "Scientific Data, Surveillance & Injury Statistics" icon.
2.On the next web page, click on the "Injury Mortality Statistics" icon.
3.You now find yourself on a data rich page. Here you can click on "State Mortality Statistics" and get to information on moralities linked to guns. You can also browse an extremely interesting page which graphically displays the top 10 leading causes of death among different populations within the United States.
4.For the current example, we'll look at gun mortality data. So, continue your search by clicking on "State Injury Mortality Statistics (1996-1989)".
5.You can now select to look at data representing the entire United States or individual states (by clicking on 'The United States' or your chosen state in the State box). You can then select the data you'd like to view by clicking on your selection in the Injury Category box.
6.For this example, we'll select "The United States" in the State box and "Firearm-Related" in the Injury Category box. Click on the Submit button to retrieve the data.
7.The data table you receive is "1996 United States Deaths and Rates Per 100,000: Firearm-Related". From this table you can see such statistics as:39 females ages 0 - 4 were killed by a firearm (a rate of .41 females per 100,000 females). Nearly double the amount of males were killed in this age range (88) at a rate of .46 males per 100,000.
8.Check out the "Leading Causes of Death" categories. The data your given is displayed in a giant chart (for instance you can see that "Homicides" were the leading causes of death for Marylanders between the ages of 15-24.
9.If you click on the data block for this information you can get an actual break down of what type of homicides occurred (i.e. 624 were firearm related, 52 were a cut or pierce, etc.).
PURPOSES:
1.Data rich site.
2.Unique way of looking at mortality data.


SITE: http://www.cdc.gov/ncipc/osp/usmort.htm
OVERVIEW: This site is run by the Center for Disease Control (CDC). Here, you will find (broken down by year) data pertaining to Firearm related deaths (i.e. Overall Firearm, Firearm Homicide and Legal Intervention, Firearm Suicide, Unintentional Firearm, and Undetermined Intentionally Firearm).
1.For example, you can look at Firearm Suicides for the years of 1989 to 1992.
2. To achieve this, scroll down the file list until you find "Firearm Suicides".
Click on the date (for data) you are interested in viewing.
3. In our example, you can see that 1,821 persons ages 30-35 (of all races and sexes) committed suicide via firearm in 1991. On this graph you can compare this number to data from the years 1992 (suicides=1,719), 1990 (suicides=1,835) and 1989 (suicides=1,776).
PURPOSES:
1. Data rich site.
2. Allows you to view data in clumps of years for comparison.


ALCOHOL / GUN RELATED SITES


SITE: http://IIPACdb.med.utah.edu
KEYWORD: Data, Mortality, Accidents, Alcohol, DUI
OVERVIEW: This site is run by the Utah Department of Transportation and the Utah Department of Health. This is a data rich site with an extremely unique query system. On the sites homepage, you can initiate a query on accidents that involved alcohol. More so, you can cross this variable with other variables (i.e. Day of Week of Crash and Type of Crash). For example, you maybe interested in looking to see if more alcohol related accidents occur on Fridays rather than Mondays.
1.To complete the example above, you'll begin on the "Codes Data Query Pages" (the address listed above).
2.Under "Select Fields and Report Type", you'll want to check the boxes "Alcohol Involved in Crash" and "Day of Week of the Crash".
3.Now, scroll to the bottom of the page and select "Cross-tab on Two Variables" located under "Report Type". Click Continue.
4.On the next page, be sure that Alcohol is selected in one reporting field, and day of week is selected in another.
5. Under "Selection Field" you can select the day of the week and whether alcohol was involved or not. (in our example we've left "All" selected in both Selection Fields). Click on Send Query.
6.You must wait several minutes to get your results.
PURPOSES:
1. Data rich site.
2. Allows you to compare crash data across a wide range of variables.


SITE: http://wonder.cdc.gov/mortj.shtml
KEYWORDS: Data, Guns, DUI, Mortality
OVERVIEW:This is the main Center for Disease Control site for looking up mortality. You can look up data by state, or for the country as a whole.
There are several categories of firearms-related mortality you can look up. These include:
Firearm-related
Firearm-homicide/legal intervention
Firearm-suicide
Motor vehicle, overall
Motor-vehicle, unintentional

1.Say, for example, you want to look at all firearm-related deaths in Pennsylvania.
2.Highlight the category "Firearm-related"
3.Scroll down to Pennsylvania and highlight the state
4.SUBMIT the request
5.On the next screen click on "anonymous user"
6.You results will come back for 1996, 1995, 1994. Within each age category you will see both the number of deaths and the rate at which people died.
7.You can save the file on your disk as an htm file. This is a browser file your word processor will be able to open.
PURPOSES:
1. Get data on deaths due to firearms and overall traffic accidents
2. To compare and see the mortality rate at which people die from other causes that are injury related.


SITE: http://www.albany.edu/sourcebook/1995/ind/ALCOHOL.ind.html
KEYWORD: Data, Guns, DUI, Alcohol, Public Attitude
OVERVIEW: This site (run by the University of Albany) is the Sourcebook of Criminal Justice Statistics. Information on this site can also be found on the campus library. The site contains an endless amount of data concerning arrests, alcohol, public attitude, guns, etc.
1.The bottom of the site's homepage contains six sections of data you can search under. For this example we'll click on Section Four "Characteristics and distribution of persons arrested".
2. Scroll down the Section Four page until you see the list of Contents and Table and Figures.
3.Here you can select from a number of categories (Number and Rate of Arrests, National Estimates, Arrests in Each State, Alcohol-Related Arrests). We'll select the category "Alcohol-Related Arrests". Click there.
4.You can now view several tables (all of which must be viewed in Adobe Acrobat). The tables range from "Arrests for alcohol-related offenses and driving under the influence (1972-1996)" to "Arrests for alcohol-related offenses, by offense and State (1996).
5.Click on the desired table and view the information.
PURPOSES:
An excellent database of nationwide crime statistics.


SITE: http://www.jointogether.org/

KEYWORD: Advocacy Group, Guns, Alcohol
OVERVIEW: This link is run by a national resource center called Join Together (a project of the Boston University School of Public Health). The link contains a photo gallery documenting the effects of drugs, alcohol and guns on American Society. It also contains two links (substance abuse and gun violence) which contain articles document current issues (i.e. "HUD may get new youth drug program" and "More die from guns than car crashes in South Africa"). This site does not contain specific databases.
1.To view either the substance abuse or gun violence pages, simply click on their respective icons on the homepage.
2.You can also use the site's Quick Search feature (available in the upper left hand corner of either the substance abuse or gun violence pages).
3.I ran a search for "Drunk Driving" and the results gave me links the to the MADD (Mothers Against Drunk Driving) homepage, the National Transportation Safety Board, a report on Clinton's State of the Union Address.
PURPOSE:
This site provides articles discussing current issues revolving around guns and drugs (including alcohol).


SITE: http://www.sph.unc.edu/iprc /

KEYWORD: Advocacy Group, Injury Prevention
OVERVIEW: This link is run by the University of North Carolina's Injury Prevention Research Center (IPRC). The IPRC's mission is "to stimulate and participate in interdisciplinary research and to facilitate the translation of research into injury control policies and programs for prevention, acute care, and rehabilitation". This site does not contain data. However, you can search its Database Catalog (http://www.sph.unc.edu/iprc/database.htm) and see if any organizations discussed in its published IPRC Catalog will be of interest to you. The catalog is available in the mail for a small fee.
PURPOSE:
1. This site may provide you with names of a few organizations that are concerned with injury prevention of accidents related to guns or alcohol.


  SITE: http://www.injurycontrol.com/icrin/
KEYWORD: Advocacy Group, Data, Guns, Alcohol, Transportation, DUI
OVERVIEW: This link is run by the Injury Control Resource Information Network. This site contains links to information and data sites pertaining to alcohol, firearms, and transportation. Many of the sites are covered in this document.
1.On the homepage, click on the Main Index button.
2.The Main Index contains nearly 20 different fields you can search including: Injury Data and Statistics, Injury Specific Resources (Firearms, Violence, and Alcohol).
3.To further investigate any one of these fields simply click on the field you think may hold pertinent data.
4.For example, if you look at the Injury & Statistics field, you will find that data sites such as the FARs, CDC, and NCIPC are already represented on this document. If you're experiencing problems accessing these sites through our links, trying clicking the links on this page (http://www.injurycontrol.com/icrn/stats.htm).
5.For a further search, you could investigate the "Firearms" link under the "Injury Specific Resources" field. Under this field you'll find more than 10 links which have information pertaining to firearms and injury (i.e. the "Handgun Control-Inc. and the Center to Prevent Handgun Violence" link, you'll find literature littered with gun facts and appropriate resources).
6.Some links of interest from this site are:
 National Rifle Association (http://www.nra.org/)
 Canadian Firearms Centre (http://www.cfc-ccaf.gc.ca/)
Mother Jones Guns and Gun Violence Resources
(http://motherjones.com/mother_jones/ja96/gunlist.html)
PURPOSES:
1.Data rich site.
2.Provides links to sites which may provide literature or references.


UNREVIEWED SITES THAT MAY BE OF INTEREST


This list was compiled by Charles Woodson, Stefan Kramer, and Glenn Meyer

 http://WWW.AMERSA.ORG
(Association for Medical Education and Research in Substance Abuse)

 http://www.ccsa.ca
(Canadian Centre on Substance Abuse)

 http://www.covesoft.com/csap.html
(Center for Substance Abuse Prevention)

 http://www.health.org/
(National Clearinghouse for Alcohol and Drug Information)

 http://thomas.loc.gov/
(Legislative Information on the Internet)