Doing Justice

GenEd 0853



Downtown Observations of Socioeconomic Status


Complete the field assurance form before you make your site visit. You must complete the field assurance form if you want your paper to be graded. It is of utmost importance that you make these visits in a safe manner. CLICK HERE to get the field assurance form. You will assure me that you will follow specific guidelines for making a safe trip.

You also need to complete the waiver of responsibility form before you make your site visit. CLICK HERE for waiver form.

This assignment serves several purposes.

1) It gets you out into Philadelphia, visiting two locations of historical importance to Philadelphia's prohibition history from the 1920s. Thus, it makes you a little more familiar with Philadelphia.

2) It gives you a chance to practice observation skills. More specifically, you will be looking at the people in these two different locations, and remarking on what you see in terms of socioeconomic status (SES) differences.

3) It gives you practice linking general concepts with specific observable attributes. In short, you are operationalizing the concept.


 You should allow yourself 2 - 3 hours for making the roundtrip and getting to the sites. Taking the bus may take longer. If you go on Saturday, the subways run somewhat less frequently. If you are driving, obviously it is faster, but you need to pay for parking

 On public transit, you can take the C bus southbound on the west side of Broad Street, or go to the subway stop (NW corner of Broad and Cecil B. Moore, outside bookstore), and take the Broad Street Subway marked Pattison Avenue. Get off at City Hall, find your way above ground, look for City Hall (big building, statue of Willy Penn on top with big hat), and head east. (There are pedestrian concourses that go underground and east toward the Gallery, but you will probably encounter fewer homeless folks is you exit the City Hall Station Directly.) You will need $4 - $5 in ones or change to pay the fare both ways.  On the C bus, get off around City Hall, walk east on Market or Filbert until you get to North 10th Street. Turn up until you get to Cuthbert.

After making your observations at 10th and Cuthbert, proceed south to either Market or Chestnut streets, and head west back to Broad Street. From there, proceed south on Broad Street to the intersection of Broad Street and Walnut Street. The Bellevue -- the old Bellevue-Stratford Hotel is on the southwest corner. Take a look at the kinds of people moving in an out. There are shops now on the main floor in what used to be the lobby. Pop in. Then proceed south one more block to the intersection of Broad and Locust Streets. On the southeast corner is the Doubletree Hotel. This is the site formerly occupied by the Ritz Carlton Hotel. Take a look at the people going out and coming in. Pop in the lobby and take a look around. Pop out. Can you see the Kimmel Center? The Academy of Music?

For your return, you can either catch the C Bus northbound on the southeast corner of Broad and Walnut, across from the Bellevue. Or, you can enter the Broad
Street subway northbound from the east side of Broad Street between Walnut and Locust. You want northbound, orange train toward Fern Rock.  Don't overshoot the Temple / Cecil B. Moore stop.

 At each site make observations about the SES of the people passing through the area, or using the shops in the area. Your clues to SES will be how people are dressed, what they are carrying that might indicate that they are better off or worse off, perhaps how they are speaking. Your clues also will be the businesses nearby themselves. What types of services or products are they selling, and how expensive do those appear to be?

You are ignoring race and ethnicity.

Your paper will start with the following sentences:

10th and Cuthbert was the site of a saloon owned in the 1920s by Hughie McLoon, hunchback and former mascot for the Philadelphia Athletics. It represents a pretty typical example of the kinds of locations heavily raided by Butler in 1924 when he was trying to close down saloons and speakeasies in the Tenderloin section of Philadelphia. The Bellevue Hotel, and the Doubletree Hotel, the latter on the site of the old Ritz Carlton, were hotel sites where Butler tried to shut down illegal alcohol use at the end of his time in Philadelphia, in late 1925. Visiting these two sites today reveals the following differences in socioeconomic status.

* You will describe some of the specific things that you saw in each location relevant to the SES of the people using this site, and the nearby businesses. Do not go on and on here. Just a few key details from your field notes. No more than half a page. ALso, be sure to specify the time, date, day of week and weather conditions when you were at each location.
* You will then draw a conclusion about the social class or socioeconomic status of the users of each location. Presume these differences also were present in the 1920s.
* Using Black's terminology, you will describe the differences in the types of law being enforced at each location.
* Describe the implications, given Black's model, of the chances for success of each type of enforcement.
* Include a closing comment. This may be a personal reaction, a criticism of Black's model, or something else, as long as it is cogent. Short paragraph.
* You will include at least three references: one to social class, one to Black, one to Philadelphia readings. Each reference will have an in-line citation (Author last name, year published) and a full reference in a reference section at the end.



North 10th Street and Cuthbert Street
South Broad Street and Locust Street


The following grading rubric will be used:

Note: you can lose points for mis-spelled words and flagrant grammatical errors. Total points possible
TUID on each page, no name   5
3 references, each appropriate described in reference section and appearing in in-line citation (0) no references one or more references, but not properly cited in-line cite and reference ok, but only one in-line cite and reference ok, but only two (6) ok both, all three 6
Typed, double spaced, proper font (12 pitch), proper margins, 2 pages; lose points if you go over or are too short or do not follow typing instructions 4
Description: SES observables Details provided, only for one site, but not relevant to SES (5) Have details for two sites, but it is not clear how they are relevant to SES (10) Key details relevant to SES but only for one location (15) Good relevant details at one site, details not clear or not relevant at second site (20) Key details relevant to SES described for both locations (25) 25
Description: Black, types of law probably enforced in 1920s     Some terms not correct (10) Correct terms, and clear links to site, but not clear understanding of concepts (15) Correct terms, it is clear terms are understood, clear links to each site (20) 20
Implications for law enforcement success, using Black's model Confusing (5)   Mostly clear, mostly correct (15)   Clear and correct (20) 20
Closing comment included     Thoughtful sentence (10)   Thoughtful paragraph (20) 20