CJ 8305/605 Spring 2012:
Sequence of Topics and Readings

course: home


Date of last update: 2/23/12 - READINGS REVISED FOR REST OF SEMESTER

The readings are archived in a content folder on Blackboard unless stated otherwise

Codes

HLML - these are HLM lecture notes. See links on the handouts page.
R&B - Raudenbush and Bryk

Class Date

Topics / Readings  DUE on this week

1/23
WK1
 Hello. What we are about. How to get ready for this course. How to create space for this course in your life and not lose your mind. MLM: what does it do? Main areas of application in criminology and criminal justice and sociology and psychology

1/30
WK2

METHODS: Current issues in researching neighborhood effects; understanding aggregation problems; reviewing how to create an aggregate file in SPSS and conduct your own contextual analysis;  audit functions in secondary data analysis
THEORY: key issues in neighborhood research; neighborhoods and health; cross-neighborhood effects and health; conceptual and empirical challenges of contextual analyses 

READ

  1. Sampson, R. J., Morenoff, J. D., & Gannon-Rowley, T. (2002). Assessing "neighborhood effects": Social processes and new directions in research. Annual Review of Sociology, 28, 443-478.  (CD)
  2. Thorndike, E. L. (1939). On the fallacy of imputing the correlations found for groups to the individuals in smaller groups composing them. American Journal of Psychology, 52, 122-124.
  3. HLML00CC.PDF (HLML) - please read over regression examples carefully; answer questions in the text
  4. R&B: 1 - 10

QUESTIONS to consider while you read

2/6
WK3

METHODS: Review of aggregation procedure and results; understanding the aggregation problem; theoretical and statistical implications; statistical power questions
THEORETICAL: Connecting micro and macro; why context matters for everything
HLM SUBMODEL 1:  the one-way anova via HLM; steps to creating the HLM file; interpreting output

READ

  1. Liska, A. E. (1990). The Significance of aggregate dependent variables and contextual independent variables for linking macro and micro theories. Social Psychology Quarterly, 53(4), 292-301.
  2. RECOMMENDED ONLY:  Sampson, R. J. (2003). The Neighborhood context of well-being. Perspectives in Biology and Medicine, 46(3 (Supplement)), S53-S64.
  3. R&B: 16-24;38-41; 69-72 
  4. HLML01.PDF
  5. RBCC 1-46
  6. RECOMMENDED ONLY: K&DL 22-29; S&B 6-16

QUESTIONSto consider while you read

PAPER: common data file made available; file sharing agreements; starter bibliographies; notify instructor in writing of suggested alternate arrangements.

2/13
WK4

METHODS: HLM SUBMODEL 2: ANCOVA with level 1 predictors;

READ:

  1. TBA
  2. HLML04DD

RECOMMENDED:

  1. Shinn, M., & Toohey, S. M. (2003). Community contexts of human welfare. Annual Review of Psychology, 54, 427-459.

QUESTIONS to consider while you read

2/20
WK5

METHODS: HLM SUBMODEL 3: RCR
THEORY:
READ:

1. HLML03

2/27
WK6

In-class midterm

3/5

Panama City / Daytona Beach Spring Break

3/12
WK7

HLM SUBMODEL 4: MAOR
HLM SUBMODEL 4+2: MAOR + ANCOVA
METHODS: Centering - conceptually and operationally
THEORY: Fear of crime, perceptions of risk, and perceptions of incivilities; cynicism and views about police
READ:

1. Robinson J, Lawton B, Taylor R B, Perkins D D, 2003, "Longitudinal Impacts of Incivilities: A Multilevel Analysis of Reactions to Crime and Block Satisfaction" Journal of Quantitative Criminology 19 237-274 (available here: http://www.rbtaylor.net/pub_jqc_2003.pdf ) (we will spend MORE of class time on this reading)
2. Sampson R J, Bartusch D J, 1998, "Legal cynicism and (subcultural?) Tolerance of deviance: the neighborhood context of racial differences" Law and Society Review 32 777-804 (This is the file sampsonlsr in the reading bundle) (we will spend LESS of class time on this reading)
3. hlml03 - only pages 1-3 - http://www.rbtaylor.net/hlml03_20120119.pdf

Recommend: R&B: 27-30, 70-74

QUESTIONS to consider while you read

3/19
WK8

METHODS: The general probability model: Binary, multinomial, and count outcomes
THEORY: Impacts of schools on weapons carrying

READ:

  1. HLML15
  2. Wilcox P, Clayton R R, 2001, "A Multilevel analysis of school-based weapon possession" Justice Quarterly 18 509-541

Recommend: R&B: 291-309

QUESTIONS to consider while you read

3/26
WK9

METHODS: HLM FULL MODEL: Intercepts and Slopes as Outcomes (IASAO); what does it mean to predict varying slopes?
THEORY: Distinguishing fear and crime risk
READ:

1. Rountree P W, Land K C, 1996, "Perceived risk versus fear of crime: Empirical evidence of conceptually distinct reactions in survey data" Social Forces 74 1353-1376 (rountree_sf in bundle) Read this piece carefully. Pay special attention to the cross-level interactions - how were they done, what do they mean cohceptually? We will spend a lot of time in class going over tables 2-5, and being sure you understand the equations (and accompanying ideas!) in the text.

4/2
WK10

METHODS: Time: A full model;
THEORY: Getting scared walking down an alley
READ:

1. Wang, K., and Taylor, R. B. (2006) Simulated walks through dangerous alleys: Impacts of features and progress on fear.  Journal of Environmental Psychology 26 269-283 (available here: http://www.rbtaylor.net/pub_wang_taylor_jep.pdf )
2. HLML06 (http://www.rbtaylor.net/hlml06_20120119.pdf)

QUESTIONS to consider while you read

4/9
WK11

METHODS and THEORY: Time and program impacts;
READ:

1. McGarrell E, Corsaro N, Hipple N, Bynum T, 2010, "Project Safe Neighborhoods and Violent Crime Trends in US Cities: Assessing Violent Crime Impact" Journal of Quantitative Criminology 26 165-190 [ added to reading bundle folder on Bboard] (we will spend MORE of class time on this reading)
2. Ratcliffe, J. H., Taniguchi, T., and Taylor, R. B. (2009). "The crime reduction effects of public CCTV cameras: A multi-method spatial approach." Justice Quarterly, 26(4), 746-770. ( available here: http://www.rbtaylor.net/pub_jq_2009.pdf ) (we will spend LESS of class time on this reading)

QUESTIONS to consider while you read

4/16
WK12

METHODS: A three level model of two different types; examining residuals
THEORY: Collective efficacy
READ:

1. Sampson R J, Raudenbush S W, Earls F, 1997, "Neighborhoods and violent crime: A Multi-level study of collective efficacy" Science 277 918-924 (we will spend MORE of class time on this reading)
2. Duncan T E, Duncan S D, Okut H, Strycker L A, Hix-Small H, 2003, "A Multilevel contextual model of neighborhood collective efficacy" American Journal of Community Psychology 32 245-252 (we will spend LESS of class time on this reading)

QUESTIONS to consider while you read

4/23
WK13

WRAP UP: topics not yet covered (deviance, model comparisons, more on residuals and R squared as needed; statistical power considerations) current and future directions (cross-classified models aka multiple membership models (MMC); monte carlo markov chain (MCMC); measurement models;

4/30
WK14

POSTER SESSION
MONDAY 4/30 IS LAST DAY OF SCHEDULED CLASSES. 5/1 AND 5/2 ARE STUDY DAYS. EXAMS BEGIN ON THURSDAY 5/3

5/3

PAPER DUE via upload using SafeAssign

5/7

SECOND IN-CLASS EXAM