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Raine, A. (2013). The Anatomy of Violence. New York City: Pantheon Books.

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QUESTIONS

Important questions in bold

INTRODUCTION

1. What conclusions has Raine reached?

2. What is his "main argument"

3. What are the most important recent scientific developments?

4. What are Raine's central objectives

CHAPTER 1

5. What is Dawkins' thesis?

6. What is a modern day psychopath?

7. What is the argument about how the attraction to violence is adaptive "even today"? Your response?

8. What is the link between genetic relatedness and homicide victimization?

9. What does it mean to say the selfish gene in the teen killer mom's story is a "distal" cause? (Look it up!)

10 His conclusion is that "evolutionary theory at least provides us with a broad conceptual base with a modest degree of explanatory power ... [but] the anatomy of violence does NOT rest heavily on an evolutionary perspective" Your response?

CHAPTER 2

11. If 96 percent of antisocial behavior (ASB) is heritable, why would we worry about gene X environment interactions?

12. How much of ASB is shared when twins are reared apart?

13. What is his conclusion about the "genes versus environment battle"

14. What do the adoption studies show?

15. What did Moffitt and Caspi find out about gene x environment interaction?

16. Where does Raine come down on genes and violence (p. 59) IMPORTANT. Where do you come down?

CHAPTER 3

17. How do functional differences in the prefrontal cortex lead to a violent predisposition?

18 "Poor prefrontal functioning is the best replicated correlate of antisocial and violent behavior" Is this important and if so how and if not why not?

19. "We cannot use brain imaging as a high tech tool to tell us who's normal" (76). Implications?

20. What is the neurobiological perspective on wife battering?

21. How do brain areas, ASB and moral judgments link up?

22. What are the scientific implications of the "antisocial brain" being a "patchwork of dysfunctional neural systems"?

CHAPTER 4

23. What is the somatic marker thesis and how does it link to successful psychopaths?

24. P. 133, next to last full paragraph: causal implications?

CHAPTER 5

25. What is the neurodevelopmental theory of crime and violence? What is the best scientific evidence for this?

26. How do brains link to white collar crime?

CHAPTER 6

27. How does the neurodevelopmental theory link to the bad birth/bad mother evidence?; explain.

28. Do you agree or disagree with his statement "Lombroso was at least partially on the mark"? EXPLAIN your view after you have reviewed the evidence he presents.

29. What is your take on the ring finger length / prenatal smoking / testosterone / aggression line of discussion? What are the specific links suggested and how much evidence do we have for each?

30. What is the causal pathway by which maternal smoking during pregnancy affects later antisocial behavior of the offspring?

31. How does (what is the causal chain whereby) fetal alcohol syndrome / effect leads to later delinquency?

32. What is Raine saying causally when he says various "natural born killer" factors "are significant elements in the genesis of violence"?

CHAPTER 7

33. Is antisocial personality disorder the same thing as violent behavior? Does Raine present evidence on the connection between ASPD and violence?

34. What's the channel whereby malnutrition affects antisocial behavior?

35. What are the problems with the international fish data (seafood consumption), in the context of the rest of this volume?

36. What's the "Twinkie defense"? Note the carbo causal reasoning chain.

37. Are biologists of crime and social scientists of crime divided into two irreconcilable camps? What is your reaction to Raine's comment: "to recognize that secular trends and both rises and falls in violence can be partly attributed to brain dysfunction ... would be to recognize the explanatory power of biological theories. Currently that's something very difficult for many social scientists to accept." Think about this statement in the context of the immeidately preceding data presentation on lead exposure nationally and internationally over time and violence. Do you agree or disagree with him? YOU REALLY NEED TO HAVE A VIEW ABOUT THIS.

38. What is the causal path leading schizophrenia/schizotypal to violence? There are psychological, biological, and behavioral pathways suggested. What types of evidence do we have linking these together?

39. Your reactions to his statement "I believe that, taken together, the physical and mental health risk factors we have scrutinized in this chapter are convincing components of the anatomy of violence." HAVE AN OPINION AND REASONING TO BACK IT UP

CHAPTER 8

40. Here's a clue: "The prevailing perspective in the 1970s, which was dominated by radical criminology espousing Marxist viewpoints."

41. What is the interaction hypothesis? Describe the causal process as clearly as you can.

42. What does the reification fallacy have to say about Brennan's clusters?

43. How is the social push perspective different causally from the interaction hypothesis?

44. Figure 8.5

45. How does homicide affect reading test scores? Did Sharkey have neurobiologicla data?

46. What are the implications of neural complexity? (p. 267)

47. Your reactions to: "the brain is the cardinal transgressor"?

CHAPTER 9

48. BE SURE YOU UNDERSTAND EVERY PATHWAY IN FIGURE 9.1., AND, ROUGHLY, THE DEGREE OF SUPPORTING EVIDENCE FOR EACH

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